CBD or “cannabidiol” (pronounced ka-nah-beh-die-all) is one of over 400 active compounds found in hemp and cannabis. CBD is also the most plentiful of the non-impairing compounds naturally occurring in these plants. CBD has extensive and wide-ranging healing properties due to it’s interaction with the endogenous cannabinoid system or endocannabinoid system that is found in the human (and other – like fish, birds, all mammals) body. This system is hard wired to “receive, process and use the compounds in cannabis”. The classes of compounds that are found in hemp and marijuana include:
- Cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids (of which CBD is included), are active compounds that have medicinal and general wellness benefits.
- Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons found in the essential oil of plants. We are all familiar with the strong citrus scent of lemon or oregano. Terpenes are responsible for these scents. The cannabis plant has over 100 different terpenes, which act as a defensive mechanism in nature. Each terpene has it’s own characteristics and properties which contribute to specific beneficial effects.
- Flavonoids are plant metabolites that are excellent anti-inflammatory antioxidant agents. Flavonoids can reduce pain, inflammation and reduce the risk of many diseases.
The experience of being “high”, the feeling of euphoria and mental impairment usually associated with the cannabinoid THC, are not attributed to cannabidiol aka CBD. Anecdotally, some people may experience the side effects of dizziness, lethargy, sleepiness, hyperactivity, jitteriness or increased heart rate and misinterpret these physiological experiences as being “high”. However, CBD will not produce the euphoria nor the mental impairment associated with THC.
It is important to note that most artisan produced hemp-derived CBD products do contain very small amounts of THC (less than 0.3% by law). It is possible that people that are extremely sensitive to the effects of THC may react to even these small amounts of THC. This would be akin to someone that gets jittery drinking decaffeinated coffee.
This is an interesting question and closely related to the question “Will CBD make me high?”. Let’s first clarify what the terms psychoactive and psychotropic mean.
From Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary:
Psychoactive: affecting the mind or behavior
Psychotropic: having an effect on how the mind works
Now that we have a clear understanding of what psychoactive and psychotropic mean, the question becomes “Does CBD impact the brain?”. The answer is a definitive “Yes”. CBD will not induce a sense of euphoria but it definitely interacts with the brain. In fact, this is one of the most exciting aspects of CBD – it’s ability to have a positive impact on mental health issues as well as general sense of emotional wellbeing without impairing thinking abilities or eliciting the “high” feeling associated with marijuana. CBD binds to some non-cannabinoid receptors in the brain. For example, CBD directly stimulates the serotonin receptor 5HT1A. Activation of the 5HT1A receptor helps mediate anxiety, appetite, sleep, pain perception, mood, nausea and vomiting! The important take home understanding is that CBD is non-intoxicating and does not interfere with cognitive abilities.
According to Leonard Leinow and Juliana Birnbaum in their book “CBD: A patient’s guide to medicinal cannabis”, CBD has very few side effects at any dose. Additionally, a 2017 report from the World Health Organization, stated that CBD posed “no public health risk, nor abuse potential”. That does not imply no adverse experiences with use of CBD. A scientific research review in 2017 reported that the most common uncomfortable experiences associated with CBD use were tiredness, diarrhea, and changes in appetite. Side effects reported anecdotally also included dizziness, lethargy, hyperactivity, and increased heart rate.
One way to help reduce or eliminate the experience of side effects to to properly titrate the amount of hemp-derived CBD oil that you are ingesting. Too much too soon does not allow the body time to adjust to the changes in the endocannabinoid system. Titrating means starting with small amounts and increasing the dose every two to four days, monitoring your response and any adverse experience and adjusting down accordingly
Proper storage of your CBD products will help to maintain shelf-life and effectiveness of the product. Most CBD oils should be stored in an air-tight container at room temperature with minimal exposure to light. For a more complete discussion of how to properly store your products, please see our blog titled “How Long Will My CBD Products be Good For”.
The amount of CBD in a dose or suggested serving size varies by manufacturer and product. Package labeling for most products will clearly state the following information:
- Volume of the bottle or container in mL
- Total mg of CBD in the bottle or container
- Suggested serving size
- Mg of CBD per serving
If the label does not list the mg of CBD per serving, this can be arrived at by some simple calculations.
Step 1: determine mg of CBD in 1 mL. = total mg in bottle / total bottle volume in mL
Step 2: determine mg of CBD per suggested serving = mg in 1 mL x serving size in mL
Bluebird Botanicals Hemp Classic 2 oz (60 mL) bottle contains 500 mg CBD, with suggested serving size of .5 mL
Step 1: 500 mg total CBD/60 mL = 8.3 mg per 1 mL
Step 2: 8.3 mg x .5 ml = 4.2 mg CBD per dose or suggested serving size
For a more complete discussion of how much CBD is in a dose, see our blog “How Much CBD is In a Dose“.
We take the time to research the products of each company that we offer on our website. While CBD from industrial hemp is a very beneficial supplement, the possibility of an unsuspecting consumer purchasing low quality product from an unstable company is unfortunately very possible. Through online research and dialogue directly with the manufacturer, we verify the following information:
- Hemp sourcing – Unfortunately environmental contamination (pesticides, herbicides, fertilizer uptake) is an issue for many CBD/hemp/marijuana products. Our companies are committed to providing hemp extract only from organically grown industrial hemp.
- Third party testing – Certificate of Analysis available
- Extraction method – we only offer products that are manufactured using the CO2 method of extraction which is the cleanest extraction method, leaving virtually no heavy metal or solvent
- Verification of full spectrum or isolate
- Consistent excellence in Internal quality control processes in place by manufacturerWe work closely with our manufacturers, conforming to their price lines in order to develop trusting and long term relationships with them. While some online sites may offer discount pricing, those sites are usually in violation of their agreement with the manufacturer and will likely not be around too long, or at least not selling that product! Our goal is to develop lasting, repeat business, as a company that cares about you. Whenever possible we purchase in larger quantities to get a better deal, allowing us to reduce our prices and pass savings along to you.